We know this is a little different than previous articles.  We are really trying to help people out though.  A few years ago a friend of ours was asking us what we thought of him becoming a limo driver.  So we did some research and found that there is little open/public information on what types of vehicles need what type of license.  We are posting this now.

This site will give some of the benefits you can and will enjoy from multiple licenses for multiple vehicles.  We hope it will be informative and help you make the decision about driving for a living.

Here are some definitions of vehicles and the classes they fall under with the DMV.


A limo (or limousine) is a luxury sedan or saloon car generally driven by a chauffeur and with a partition between the driver and the passenger compartment.  Limousines often have a lengthened wheelbase.

The modern limo or limousine is a luxury sedan or saloon car, especially one with a lengthened wheelbase or driven by a chauffeur. The chassis of a limousine may have been extended by the manufacturer or by an independent coach builder. These are called “stretch” limousines and are traditionally black or white. Limousines are usually liveried vehicles, driven by professional chauffeurs. As the most expensive form of automobile ground transportation, limousines are culturally associated with wealth or power and are commonly cited as examples of conspicuous consumption. Among the less wealthy, limousines are often hired during special events (most commonly weddings, proms, and bachelor parties).

While some limousines are owned by individuals, there is a large majority owned by governments to transport senior politicians, by large companies to transport executives, and by broadcasters to transport guests.  Most stretch limousines, operate as customer service/transportation vehicles, providing the higher level of transportation in competition to taxicabs. Builders of stretch limousines purchase stock cars from manufacturers and modify them.   Most are in the United States and Europe and cater mainly to limousine companies.  Few stretch limousines are sold new to private individuals.  In addition to luxuries such as full video and audio entertainment, security features such as armoring and bulletproof glass are available.

In 2012, the limousine market size was over $4 billion in the United States.  That is a lot of money to be thrown around.  Why not see if you can get some of it.  There were more than 4,000 limousine companies employing 42,000 employees.



A taxi, also known as a taxicab or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver.  Often used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.  A taxicab transports passengers from one location to a location of their choice.  This is different from most other modes of public transport where the pick-up and drop-off locations are predetermined by the service provider and not by the passenger.  Taxi customers often demand quick response transport times.   There are more and more hybrid taxi services showing up as time passes.  With the fuel economy it is more lucrative for the taxi company.  With fuel cost being the largest financial burden of the taxi company.  Although types of vehicles and methods of regulation, hiring, dispatching, and negotiating payment differ significantly from company to company and country to country, many common characteristics do exist.  This is a multi-billion dollar industry.


Cargo Vans-

A light commercial vehicle is the official term used within the United States, European Unions, Australia, and occasionally in both Canada and Ireland. (where Commercial Van is more frequently used)  In the United States this is normally the box vans you see delivering goods to a business.  They are often used for a commercial carrier vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of not more than 3.5 tonnes.  The term light goods vehicle (LGV) has also be used by member countries which can be confused with Large goods vehicle(also ‘LGV’) which is the official European term for a vehicle with a gross vehicle weight of over 3.5 tonnes.

Qualifying light commercial vehicles include pickup trucks, vans and three-wheeler’s that transport commercially based goods or can be used a passenger carrier vehicles.  Often for medical transportation uses for passenger use in America.  The Light Commercial Vehicle concept was created as a compact truck and is usually optimized to be heavy duty built, have low operating costs and powerful yet fuel efficient engines, and to be utilized in inter-city operations.  This is a multi-billion dollar business as well.

These are also used often by smaller companies such as tree service companies or roofing companies.  They make great fleet vehicles for companies like that.


Large Freight Vehicles-

Heavy trucks or semi’s are the largest trucks allowed on the road.  You know the big rig that you tried to get to honk the horn as you passed or they passed.  They are mostly used for long-haul purposes, often in semi-trailer or B-double configuration.

They do cause a lot of road damage and wear increase very rapidly with the axle weight.  The axle weight is the truck weight divided by the number of axles, but the actual axle weight depends on the position of the load over the axles.  The number of steering axles and the suspension type also influence the amount of the road wear. In many countries with good roads a six-axle truck may have a maximum weight over 50 tonnes (49 long tons; 55 short tons).

Often they are diesel engines with multiple gear transmissions.  It is not uncommon for a semi to have over 8-10 gears with all the low pull gears and high gear ratio for driving on freeways.  This is one of the reasons a special license and training is required to legally be able to drive a semi.  They are often used for long haul transportation of goods.  Some drivers are owner operators while others work for the company that owns the truck. You can also find teams that do real long haul loads and stay out for weeks at a time.  Once again a multi-billion dollar industry.


Meet In The Middle For Equality

Sometimes people just don’t understand that everyone is equal.  Why this is, we don’t know. What we do know is that ignorance knows no bounds.

Blue Shield Committee concerned about threatened Cultural Property in the Middle East

Posted on 08. August 2006 um 17:35 Uhr
» International UNESCO World Heritage ICOMOS Preservation Built Heritage

The International Committee of the Blue Shield (ICBS) that was co-founded by ICOMOS has now expressed it’s concern about the threats to cultural property in the middle east region due to the conflict between Israel and Lebanon:

It is universally recognized that this region has an extremely rich cultural heritage, which has had a profound and lasting influence on peoples throughout the world. This is demonstrated by the significant number of sites in both Israel and Lebanon inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list. The total or partial loss of cultural properties in the area would seriously impoverish the collective memory of mankind.
It would be a great tragedy if this is allowed to happen. ICBS therefore calls on all parties to take the greatest possible care to protect the rich cultural heritage of the region and to take the necessary preventive measures to ensure that it is not damaged in any way during the present conflict.(…)

The complete statement can be found here.
UNESCO World Heritage Site Baalbek